Everything about Solar Eclipse!

Solar eclipses are one of the most beautiful natural phenomena that occur on Earth.

A solar eclipse is a natural phenomenon that happens on Earth as the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun in its orbit. This is also known as occultation. It happens at New Moon, when the Sun and Moon are in conjunction with each other. Solar eclipse is an event in which a portion of the Earth is engulfed in a shadow cast by the Moon which fully or partially blocks sunlight. During an eclipse, the Moon’s shadow (which is divided into two parts: the dark umbra and the lighter penumbra) moves across Earth’s surface.

Types of Solar Eclipse

Total Solar Eclipse 

Total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon completely blocks the sun. In a total solar eclipse, the narrowest part of the path ,where the Sun is completely blocked and the Moon casts its darkest shadow (called the umbra) is called the zone of totality.

Annular Solar Eclipse

Annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon is farther from Earth or the Earth is closer to the Sun. When this happens, the apparent size of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun and the Sun then appears as a very bright ring surrounding the dark disk of the Moon. The word annular comes from the Latin word “annulus” which means “ring”.

Partial Solar Eclipse

Partial solar eclipse occurs when Earth moves through the lunar penumbra (the lighter part of the Moon’s shadow) as the Moon moves between Earth and the Sun. The Moon partially blocks the sunlight from reaching Earth.

Facts About Solar Eclipse

• Depending on the geometry of the Sun, Moon, and Earth, there can be between 2 and 5 solar eclipses each year.

• Every year there are between 2 and 5 solar eclipses.

• Totality occurs when the Moon completely obscures Sun so only the solar corona is showing.

• The word Eclipse is a Greek word which means abandonment or downfall.

• Total solar eclipse can happen once every 1-2 years. This makes them very rare events.

• Almost identical eclipses occur after 18 years and 11 days. This period of 223 synodic months is called Saros Cycle.

• During a total solar eclipse, air temperatures drop.

• There is another type of solar eclipse, known as a hybrid eclipse, which shifts between a total and annular eclipse depending on where you view it from on Earth. These are comparatively rare.

• A total solar eclipse can last for 7 minutes and 30 seconds.

• 269 km is the maximum width of the path of totality.

• The alignments of the Sun, Moon, and Earth coincide during a new moon – syzygy.

• Looking at a total solar eclipse without protection can permanently damage the eyes.

The End Notes

Solar eclipse is when the Moon passes in front of the Sun, the sunlight is blocked and so we cannot see the Sun for a few minutes. We don't want any eclipse between our users and our latest articles. So, be sure to follow by email. And if you have any question or suggestion, please comment it below. 

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