How NASA uses Machine Learning?

Machine learning is the study of computer algorithms and a subset of Artificial Intelligence that improve automatically through experience. NASA uses Machine Learning in a lot of ways, and I am going to describe some of the knowns in the following article. Let's go deeper.


NASA uses Machine Learning for Feature Detection and Classification

NASA uses machine learning to optimize the data collected from Hubble or Kepler Telescopes to identify stars, supernovae, clusters, galaxies, and etc. The same technique is used in understanding a planetary surface from rougher images and sometimes this technique also helps in understanding the Electromagnetic spectrums that are not in visible range.

NASA uses Machine Learning for Navigation and Path Planning

NASA uses machine learning to plan routes of their rovers so that they don't get stuck or forget their destination. Well, this is not 100% autonomous but still it works. The mission planners set some checkpoints, but the rover had to plan itself that how to reach that point safely.

NASA uses Machine Learning for 3D Image Reconstruction

Two or three dimensional image reconstruction using satellite data and/or rover data. This helps with the path planning bit for rovers. It's kind of difficult to know what you're doing in general if all you have is a camera on the ground.

NASA uses Machine Learning for Anomaly detection in Autonomous Systems

So you have a bunch of sensors around the engine system of an F-18. How do you detect a potential failure? Well that's kind of easy, but you want to do that way, way before any failure actually occurs. Inductive monitoring is a technique developed to detect potential failures much earlier than they would actually happen. This is done with the help of Machine Learning.

NASA uses Machine Learning for Event Detection

Say you're on Titan, which has a methane-ethane atmosphere as well as lakes and seas. It has an analogous climate to Earth, but much colder and weirder. What does a storm look like? No one knows, but you want to be able to learn this from the data you've collected.

The End Notes

That's all in this article. If you know some interesting ways that how NASA uses Machine Learning, then please comment below.
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