Some Interesting Facts About Mountains

A Mountain is a landform that rises high above the surrounding area in a limited area usually in a form of a peak. They are made from rocks and Earth. Mountains are higher and steeper than hills.

Here are some interesting and informative facts about Mountains:
1. Mountains make up about one-fifth of the world's landscape and they provide homes to one-tenth of the world's people.

2. A group of mountains is called a mountain range.

3. The highest mountain range in the world is the Himalayas in Asia.

4. The longest mountain range in the world is the Andes in South America.

5. Weather changes a lot on mountains. It can be raining at the top but not at the bottom.

6. Heights of mountains are generally given as heights above sea level.

7. The top of a mountain is called the summit and the bottom is called the base.

8. There are mountains under the surface of the sea.

9. The world's highest peak on land is Mount Everest in the Himalayas. It is 8,850.1728 m (29,036 ft) tall.

9. The highest 14 mountains in the world are all found in the Himalayas.

10. About 80 percent of our planet's fresh water originates in the mountains.

11. The tallest known mountain in the solar system is Olympus Mons, located on Mars. It is 21,171 metres (69,459 ft).

12. Mountains occur more often in oceans than on land, some islands are the peaks of mountains coming out of the water.

13. All mountain ecosystems have one major characteristic in common - rapid changes in altitude, climate, soil, and vegetation over very short distances.

14. Plants that may be found on mountains include conifers, oak, chestnut, maple, junipers, stonecrops, campions, mosses, ferns and climbers.

15. In some mountainous areas the rivers are permanently frozen.These are called glaciers.

16. Approximately 1,200 people attempt to climb Mount Everest each year, but only half reach the summit.

17. Approximately 300 people have died attempting to climb Everest over the past century. Hundreds of bodies remain on the mountain, frozen solid.

18. The Himalayas are a mountain range that began forming when pieces of the earth’s crust crashed against each other 55 million years ago.

19. At 29,035 feet, the summit of Mount Everest is the highest point above sea level. The tallest mountain, measured from top to bottom, is Mauna Kea, an inactive volcano in Hawaii that is 33,474 feet tall.

20. Mount Kea in Hawaii is some 4,000ft taller than Everest if measured from its undersea base.

21. The world’s highest unclimbed mountain is the 24,981 feet Gangkhar Puensum in Bhutan, which is the world’s 40th highest mountain.

22. There is no generally accepted definition for how tall a hill has to be to be called a mountain. Some regions say 1,000 feet, others say 2,000 feet.

23. In 1999, GPS satellites showed that Everest was 7 feet higher than had previously been thought.

24. Because of tectonic plate movement, Everest grows about 4 mm a year.

25. Over 6,000 people have now climbed Everest including a 13-year-old American in 2010.

26. The first wedding at the summit was in 2005.

27. Scottish mountains over 3,000 ft high are called Munros. British mountains and hills over 150 metres high are called Marilyns.

28. Before the existence of devices such as GPS or altimeters, geographers measured mountains using a method called triangulation, which involved measuring the mountain peak from a variety of different observation points.

29. The Yeti or Abominable Snowman, is a mysterious creature believed to live above the snow line in the Himalayas. While most dismiss the Yeti as a myth.

30. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa. It is volcanic mountain with its three volcanic cones, 'Kibo', 'Mawenzi', and 'Shira'.

The End Notes

That's all in this article. I hope you liked it. If you know any other fact, do comment below. 

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