Machine Learning and Deep Learning: The Difference

Artificial Intelligence helps any device to understand its environment and take actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. But sometimes, we were confused about terms like Artificial Intelligence(AI), Machine Learning(ML), and Deep Learning(DL).

In this article, we are going to describe and differentiate each term for you simply. Let us go deeper.

If you want to know about Artificial Intelligence from starting you can read our previous article:- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence: Characteristics and Applications

Machine Learning Deep Learning

Deep Learning and Machine Learning are not different things but they are subsets of AI along with several other techniques. Some of the common subsets of AI include:

  • Machine Learning
  • Deep Learning
  • Natural Language processing
  • Expert System
  • Robotics
  • Machine Vision
  • Speech Recognition

We will discuss these subsets in another article and for now, we will only concentrate on Machine Learning and Deep Learning.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning is an ability given by AI to machines to automatically learn with experiences without being explicitly programmed. Machine Learning is based on the idea that machines can learn from past data, identify patterns, and make decisions using pre-defined algorithms.

What is Deep Learning?

Now here comes something interesting. Deep Learning is a subset of Machine Learning. Deep Learning provides the ability to machine to perform human-like tasks without human involvement.

Deep learning is implied through neural network structure thus it is also called a deep neural network. It is the principal technology behind self-driving cars, speech recognition, image perception, automatic machine interpretation, etc.

The Difference

There is no difference between these two terms. Deep Learning is perhaps a part of Machine Learning which helps AI to mimic human activity. By using machine learning and deep learning techniques, you can build computer systems and applications that do tasks that are commonly associated with human intelligence. 

The End Notes

So, that's all in this article. I hope you liked it. Please share it among your friends and comment on your views on Neural Networks below. Have a good one.


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