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How Quantum Computing will change the world?

Quantum computing is becoming popular day-by-day. Even if someone does no actually know its practical importance, but they are influenced by the term Quantum Computing in some manner. This article will help in understanding quantum computing, its basics, and its practical importance. Let's go deeper.

How Quantum Computing will change the world?



The Fundamental of Quantum Computing

All computing systems rely on a fundamental ability to store and manipulate information. Current computers manipulate individual bits, which store information as binary 0 and 1 states. Quantum computers leverage quantum mechanical phenomena to manipulate information. To do this, they rely on quantum bits or qubits.


Quantum computing is going to change the world in the following way: 

  1. First, they would be very costly as in manufacturing, services, and maintenance.
  2. They would be used at very generously funded labs and institutes and also there would be a challenge to use them.
  3. But now, the crowd will start understanding fundamental concepts of quantum entities and many scholars will start teaching quantum computers as a subject
  4. Many industries of Science, Exploration, etc would be benefitted from QC as they would be easy to transport and would give you results in seconds.
  5. As they have to use QC they need to hire employees that can understand and maintain QC, so employment also increases.
  6. At last, your physical computer is “Extinct”. QC will take the places of physical computers and would be easy to work with AI and all.


Astronomy

Quantum computers are quite limited in the areas in which they offer advantages over conventional computers, but what they will do will be magical. Rather than creating models of the universe, they will be able to simulate the universe. In other words, they will do what the universe does instead of doing an impersonation.

Slowly at first the behavior of atoms and molecules will be better understood as a result, and this will impact physics and chemistry. In addition advances in cosmology, artificial intelligence, medicine, and mathematics will occur. New materials and devices will be developed as our understanding of previously opaque topics clarifies and these will ripple into our world technologically and culturally. As with any powerful nascent technology, there will be unimagined possibilities that will be revealed over time which in all probability will be quite significant. 


Chemical Physics

One of the originally proposed purposes of Quantum Computing was to simulate quantum systems, which can be very hard for classical computers. Quantum Computing would be able to accurately determine properties of materials, predict the structure of complicated molecules (e.g. proteins), and determine reaction mechanisms. This will have important scientific impacts on both physics and chemistry as the quantum simulation will give insight into many condensed matter problems and provide a deeper understanding of chemical properties.


Materials Discovery

As a result of accurate quantum simulation, researchers will be able to search vast libraries of compounds to find materials with ideal properties. For example, tens of thousands of compounds could be ‘tested’ for their solar conversion efficiency, resulting in better solar panels. This is already being done with classical computing in computational materials science but is limited by the accuracy of conventional methods. Advances in Quantum Computing will likely lead to better superconductors, batteries, thermoelectric, LED, lasers, solar panels, and catalysts.


Cryptography

The largest and most near-term impact Quantum Computing will have is in the area of cryptography. They have the potential to destroy and remake modern communication. This is because Quantum Computing can break common encryption schemes today, forcing us to switch to post-quantum cryptography or quantum cryptography. Fortunately, methods in quantum cryptography allow for perfectly secure communication. The impacts of this are profound, as we will be able to develop perfectly secure currency, communications, and potentially, perfect internet privacy.


The End Notes

There are various other use-cases of Quantum Computing that are unable to do with classical computing techniques. Share one such use-case of Quantum Computing in the comment section below. If you want to get updates related to daily articles, do subscribe to us by email. You can also donate to The Notes to help us serve you free-informative articles. Have a good one.

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