9 Amazing Historical Facts About Brain

9 Amazing Historical Facts About Brain

  1. Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC) believed that the center of thought was the heart and that the brain’s function was merely to cool the heart.
  2. Ancient people thought that other organs, including the stomach and the heart, were more important than the brain. During the mummification process (a process in which a corpse is preserved as it was believed that it helped someone reach the afterlife and they thought that, to have an afterlife, the dead person would have to repossess his or her body), the ancient Egyptians would pull out pieces of the brain through the nose with a long iron hook and throw them away. They would, however, keep the stomach, liver, intestines, and heart.
  3. In 1862, Paul Broca determined the location of the speech center in the brain when he dissected the brain of a man who could only say “Tan! Tan!” and discovered that the left side of his brain had been eaten away by disease. The section of the brain responsible for the speech was named “Broca” in honor of his research.
  4. Howard Dully discovered late in life that he had been lobotomized in 1960 at the age of 12 by Walter Freeman—simply because, it appears, his stepmother didn’t like him but she convinced Freeman something was wrong with the boy.
  5. A famous actress named Frances Farmer was given a lobotomy to make her easier to get along with, even though she may not have been mentally insane
  6. The heaviest known normal human brain belonged to the Russian writer Ivan Turgenev, who died in 1883. His brain weighed 4.43 pounds, more than a pound heavier than the average male brain.
  7. The smallest known normal brain belonged to a woman who died in 1977. Her brain weighed just 2.41 pounds
  8. Albert Einstein’s brain was removed within seven hours of his death by Princeton pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey (1912-2007). Harvey sectioned the preserved brain into 240 blocks and removed the eyes and gave them away. He kept pieces of the brain for himself and gave other pieces to other prominent pathologists. He was fired from Princeton Hospital because he refused to return the brain. Other brains that have been preserved include German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, Vladimir Lenin, and the Native American Ishi.
  9. In 2014, media outlets claimed researchers have discovered a "stupidity virus," which is a virus that impairs human brain activity, memory, and learning centers. i.e makes you stupid.

The End Notes

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