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The Microchips Revolution

A microchip that is something smaller than your fingernail which contains computer circuitry, an integrated circuit. The invention of the integrated circuit is still treated as one of the most innovative works done. Almost all modern products use chip technology.


The pioneers known for inventing microchip technology are Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce. In 1959, Kilby of Texas Instruments received a U.S. patent for miniaturized electronic circuits, and Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation received a patent for a silicon-based integrated circuit. 


The Microchips Revolution
Microchip in fingertips


A microchip is a set of interconnected electronic components such as transistors and resistors that are etched or imprinted onto a tiny chip of semiconducting material, such as silicon or germanium.


How Microchips are created?

The creation of microchips that are involved in electronic and digital tasks is moreover a chemical process.





Use of Microchips

Microchips are used in many electrical devices besides a computer. In the 1960s, federal government agencies began purchasing microchips for their projects. The Air Force used microchips to build the Minuteman II missile. NASA purchased microchips for their Apollo project.

Today, microchips are used in cellular phones that allow people to use the Internet and have a telephone video conference. Microchips are used to keep track of activities and information. Microchips are also used in televisions, GPS tracking devices, and identification cards.


The End Notes

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